The beginning concept of new landscape design projects most always take their styles based on the style of a home, personal and family needs, and the personality of the owner when possible. Beginning with a theme in mind and a complete finished plan will help keep the project on track as well as create and maintain unity between the home, landscaping, and garden.
While there are several different landscape design styles that are quite popular and used a lot in most landscaping and garden designs, they are not limited to a strict and selected list of types and themes. Still, most folks try to at least start with a theme that will match their home style and geographic area. And while we will take a look at those in this list, you still might want to see pictures of landscaping and garden styles just to get an idea of the possible types you can use.
Again, keep in mind that the following list of design types is only a partial list of the most commonly used in most gardens and landscape design. And while the foundation of these design styles is commonly named according to geographic location or home style, the end product is limited only to the imagination.
As with most design styles, this theme gets a lot of its atmosphere from the plants used to create it. And as new varieties of Palm trees and different Mediterranean plant varieties are propagated to conform to different climates, the Mediterranean design style is becoming one of the most popular themes used in many parts of the world.
Japanese Garden Style
While there aren’t a lot of Eastern and Japanese type homes in the U.S., the Eastern way and philosophy of designing gardens has become very popular in the Western world. So in order to enjoy the order and elegance of this garden theme, most folks either devote all or part of their backyards to it. In most instances, it clashes with the look of most modern home designs.
Cottage gardens were originally created for raising crops to sustain families. However, over time, they have taken on a whole new appearance and use. Originally, flowers were few or established only by blown in seed. Still, even though a lot of the time this style still makes room for kitchen, herb, and vegetable gardens, it has become a more popular type of flower garden.
Southwest Landscape Design
A very popular theme and atmosphere that can be created through the type of garden decor as well as type of plants. While mostly used in arid regions like Arizona and New Mexico, it is becoming quite popular in many parts of the world. Again, since a lot of the atmosphere for this theme can be created with decor and hardscapes, it is becoming more popular in many areas that can’t sustain the type of arid plants used in this design style.
Formal landscape design depends a lot on straight lines and geometrical shapes. Many times this style is very symmetrical. Plants are in order and continually pruned to maintain their formal effect.
Tropical Landscape Design Style
Depending on geographic location and type of plants, this landscaping theme is often grouped in the same area as Mediterranean gardens. However, the plants generally have much larger leaves and flowering plants with intense bright color. Thick foliage placed toward the back of planting beds creates a dense tropical atmosphere planting area.
While Xeriscaping isn’t actually a design style but is a water wise method of landscaping, it is still usually referred to as a theme or style. Most often associated with Southwest, Santa Fe, Arizona, or Desert landscape designs, it is usually a part of all of these design types. However, what most folks don’t understand is that xeriscape principles can be applied to almost all landscape design styles to help preserve natural resources as well as save money. Well worth looking into.
Final Considerations For Selecting Landscape Design Styles
- Consider the design of your home. Is there a strong popular theme that is commonly used and associated with the type of home you have?
- Take local natural resources and conditions into account. Is there a need for Xeriscaping, native plants, or a style of landscape design that is more hardscape elements rather than lawn and a lot of plants?
- Future maintenance. Are you the type that likes to spend a lot of time working in the yard or do you simply enjoy seeing and relaxing in it? While some landscaping styles and themes will work with almost any type of home, some require a lot of work and some require very little at all.
As I said, this is only a partial list of the more popular garden and landscaping themes. Besides these specific types, there are also much broader categories to get ideas from such as front yards, backyards, patios, and entries to name a few. See pictures of landscape design styles and landscaping ideas to check out the many other landscape design styles, themes, and methods that you can apply to your own yard and garden.